American Journal of Scientific Research

Issue 107
January, 2016

Relationship between Fault System and Hydrocarbon Accumulation in Chepaizi Uplift, Western
Junggar Basin, NW China, Wang Kun and Liu Wei

Years of exploration in the Western Junggar Basin shows that fault has played an important role in controlling the oil reservoirs’ formation, evolution and distribution. The relationship between fault system and hydrocarbon accumulation of Chepaizi Uplift in the Western Junggar Basin was studied based on the evaluation of fault activity, fault - seal and burial - thermal history. The faults in the uplift were formed in two main stages. The former stage is from Carboniferous to Jurassic, even to Cretaceous; the late stage is from Neogene to quaternary. The relationship between hydrocarbon expelling from source rocks and faults’ main activity periods was evaluated. The former activity stage of faults when the lower fault system was formed is coincided with the main expelling period of Permian source rock in the Changji Depression. The faults formed in this period were reverse faults, contributing to the accumulation of thick oil in Mesozoic. The late activity stage when upper fault system was formed is coincided to the main expelling period of Jurassic in the Changji and Sikeshu Depressions. The upper fault system forming in this period had high angle normal faults and was important for the vertical adjustment of thick oil from Mesozoic to Cenozoic and for the accumulation of thin oil from the source rock of Jurassic. Fault sealing was evaluated. The faults are conducted in the lower member of Shawan Formation, which was in favor of the adjustment and accumulation of oil in the Shawan Formation.
Keyword: Fault system; Hydrocarbon accumulation; Main activity period; Main hydrocarbon expelling period; Chepaizi Uplift

A New Measurement for Assessing Information Uncertainty based on Managemeent Earning Forecast Errors in Tehran Stock Exchange
Masoud Movaffaghi and Hadi Mohammadkhan

Information uncertainty is regarded as a main cause of underreaction and overreaction and momentum strategy. It is obviously that there is not consensus among previous studies for assessing information uncertainy. The goal of this paper is to use management earning forecast errors as a criteria to achieve a more accurate method for measuring information uncertainty . we used 10 factors at firm levels and our findings showed that Roa ,B/M , leverage,standard devation of weekly return and difference between min an max prices can be used as information uncertainty measuremnets but size ,age,cash flow volatility and corporate governance factors were not significant in our model.
Keywords: information uncertainty, overreaction, underreaction, momentum.

The Two-Parameter Exponentiated Gamma Distribution using Lower Record Values: Estimations and Prediction
R. A. Bakoban

In this article, the exponentiated gamma (EG) distribution is considered. Bayesian and non-Bayesian estimators of the distributions' parameters, reliability and failure rate functions are derived. The estimators are obtained based on record values. Two loss functions are used. Furthermore, Bayesian prediction intervals of the future record values are investigated. The mean square errors are computed for all estimates. Comparisons between these estimators are made using simulation study. The simulation study shown that Bayesian estimates under LINEX loss function are the best. Also, prediction intervals of the future record values from EG distribution are better than the corresponding of gamma distribution.
Keywords: Bayesian estimation; Exponentiated gamma distribution; Loss function; Maximum likelihood estimation; Prediction; Record values.

Studying of Urbanization & Architecture Features in Company Cities in Iran (Case Study: Abadan City in Khuzestan Province)
Mohammad Reza Leylian, Rana Gorji and Mansureh Talischi

Urbanization developed in southwest of Iran due to Exploring the vast oil resources. Iran's oil industry was founded on 28th May 1901; the first excavations began in some parts of Iran which did not reach a satisfactory result. So, the transformations in the built environment, job hierarchy, leisure activities, and interactions with foreign inhabitants in a city like Abadan created a different hierarchy in urbanization in Iran. The dwellings of the Iranian oil industry workers had a great influence on the evolving class cultures of twentieth-century Iran. Furthermore, conceptions of urban planning such as the “garden city,” “city beautiful,” and boulevards were first introduced to Iranians through the work of British architects. While focused on Abadan, this study seeks to provide a rich context for interpreting the modern history of spatial and cultural aspects of rapid urban and architectural development for planning and construction from the beginnings to the 1990s, and particularly the housing and planning forms adopted by the Oil Company and the life style variation.
The purpose of this research is, study urbanization and architecture process in oil industrial period. This research is applied and research method is "descriptive- analytical". In order to collecting data, was used field and documental method.
Keywords: Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, company city, oil city, urbanization, architecture.

Compensation for Disasters Problematic Nuclear Reactors in Accordance with International Agreements
Raed Mohammad Flieh Alnimer

The responsibility for compensation for damage caused by nuclear reactors lies with the operator of the reactor, but the definition of the term reactor operator alongside their unblemished should therefore be serious dimensional survey ,particularly with regard to limitation of liability in the event of a nuclear disaster.
Keywords: nuclear, liability, nuclear energy, nuclear accident, nuclear damage, operator.

A Proposal for a Method for Public Square Typologies: The Example of Turkey
Ozdogan Havva

Squares, which contain fields for cultural, entertainment events and promote informal social contact between citizens, have been recognized as integral parts of urban settings. Although the old squares have been subjected to some changes over the course of time due to environmental effects, they are one of the special urban spaces that have traditionally architectural characteristics. When determining the location for the public squares, the square space can be determined particularly and many parameters, such as location size, morphology, level of publicness and function can be taken into account and evaluated. In this study, the properties of traditional squares, such as the square typologies and elements of square spaces in Turkey have been investigated for the purpose of evaluating architectural characteristics. Moreover, this study introduces an approach for public square typologies in Turkey. The results of this study, which includes the history, location, architectural and building properties of public squares in Turkey, can be used for in the new applications and renovation works regarding the squares.
Keywords: Square, Urban spaces, Square design, Ottoman, Cumalikizik.

The Adoption of E-Government Project for Anti-Corruption
Orabe Almanaseer and Mohammad Alkhaleefah

The purpose of this research is to address corruption within the public sector by adopting electronic government and through investigating the role of electronic government, in particular the Internet in promoting democracy, accountability, and transparency, which will ultimately lead to contain corruption. This research also presents the influence of democracy on accountability and transparency and vice versa, as succeeding in promoting democracy means succeeding in promoting accountability and transparency, and succeeding in promoting transparency means succeeding in promoting accountability and democracy which means cutting corruption within the public sector.
Keywords: Anti-Corruption, E-government, Democracy, accountability, transparency.

Systematic Study for Non- Deformed Clusters Emission from Some Isotopes
K. A. Gado

Taking Coulomb and Wood- Saxon potential as interacting barrier for post-scission region we calculated half-life time for different modes of exotic decay treating emitted clusters as spheres and these values are compared with experimental data. We studied the effect of parameters of potential on half-life time treating emitted cluster as spherical. When effects of parameters are included half-life time values are found to decrease, though slightly. It is found that the cluster - decay half-lives for 5d Transition metal nuclei agree well with the experimental data.
Keywords: Half-life, Transition metal nuclei, Woods-Saxon potential.