American Journal of Scientific Research

Issue 108
December, 2016

Shyness Level Among basic Education Faculty Female Students in the Department of Physical Education and its Relationship with Psychological Stress among them Preparation
Badaur A A A almutawa and D. Awatif E S Al Rabaian

The current study aimed to identify the level of shyness among basic education faculty female students / the department of physical education in Kuwait and its relationship with psychological stress among them. To achieve the goals of the study, a random sample of (109) female students was selected, and two scales for shyness and psychological stress were developed and checked for reliability and consistency. Results indicated that the shyness level and psychological stress among female students in the faculty of basic education was medium and that there was a positive relationship between shyness and psychological stress and no difference was found among the basic education faculty female students based on the variables of the academic year, marital status and age. In light of the results revealed, the study recommended with conduction workshops for female students to reduce shyness and psychological stress levels among them and working on instructing faculty members to develop programs that are concerned with the personal aspects of female students.

Some Predicting Variables about Functional and Dysfunctional Thinking among the Secondary Stage Students in Al-Karak Governorate
Mohammad Darwish Mohammad and Ahmad Abu-Assad

This study aimed at predicting the functional and dysfunctional thinking among a sample of the secondary stage students according to some variables in the governorate of AL-Karak. In order to achieve the study objectives, a random sample was chosen from the secondary stage students in AL-karak governorate in the Hashemite kingdom of Jordan with a total of (129) male and female students . The scale of functional and dysfunctional thinking was applied after verifying the psychometric characteristics of the scale of reliability and validity . After collecting and analyzing data, the study concluded that we can predict the functional thinking based on the variable of gender and the variable of economic status, in which the results showed that it is possible to predict the functional thinking for the students who represent the study sample individuals, while we can't predict the dysfunctional thinking based on the variables of gender and economical status for the same group, where the study results showed that there is no impact regarding the possibility of predicting thedysfunctional thinking according to those variables among the study sample individuals.

Optimization of Genetic Transformation Mediated by Particle Bombardment of Mature Embryo of Durum Wheat (Triticum Durum) Genotypes
Najat Hakam, Sripada M. Udupa, Mohamed Ibriz and Driss. Iraqi

Most of successful direct gene transformation methods employ immature embryos which are not available throughout the year. The present investigation utilizes mature seeds as the starting material for genetic transformation by the biolistic approach. Mature embryos of two Moroccan durum wheat varieties (‘Marouane’ and ‘Isly’) and the pBY520 plasmid containing the HVA1 gene for drought Tolerance and bar gene as selectable marker for resistance to the herbicide phosphinothricin were used in this study; Particle bombardment has been successfully employed for transgenic wheat. Mature embryo-derived calli of durum wheat were double bombarded with gold microprojectiles coated with pBY520 at a target distance of 08cm and 12cm. The bombarded calli were transferred to medium supplemented with basta at 3 mg/l for the selection of the transformed calli. The bar gene was active in T0 generation as evidenced by phosphinothricin leaf paint assay. A successful integration of the transgene was confirmed by PCR amplification using primers specific to bar gene and 35S promotor. The transformation frequency obtained was 0.66% for ‘Isly’.
In our knowledge is the first report describing successful genetic transformation of Moroccan durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var. durum) mediated by Microprojectile bombardment method using mature embryos as explant.
Keywords: Durum wheat, biolistic, transgenics, bar gene, pBY520, transformation efficiency.

A Study of Microstructure and Mechanical behavior of Friction Stir Welded (FSW) joints of AZ91D Magnesium Alloy
A. Ramkumar and Yaser Hadi

In this paper, the microstructure and the mechanical behavior of Friction Stir Welded (FSW) joints of AZ91D Magnesium alloy was investigated. For the study, the welding speed (WS), tool rotational speed (rpm) and pin length (PL) were used. It was observed that the grain size and heterogeneous distribution of these grains were found to be increasing with the increase of pin length. Further, the tensile strength was tends to increase with increase in tool rotational speed up to 720 rpm and then it starts to decrease rapidly.
Optimizing the weld parameters and tool design, surface defects may be reduced or eliminated and this would be important for welding the ductile AM-alloys [11]. In the present paper an attempt has been made to study the microstructure and mechanical behavior of FSW joints of AZ91D Mg alloy.
Keywords: Friction Stir Welding, Magnesium Alloy, Tensile Strength.

Credit Risk Management in Prevention of Banking Crisis: A Case Study of Arman Credit Institute
Seyyed Morteza Mosavi and Shahriar Nemati

The crisis management cycle is consisted of four phases: prevention, preparedness, response and recovery. Also, banks are economic institutions whose duties include: mobilization and distribution of credits, financial operations, trading currencies, fund transfer and etc.
Banking crisis can be considered as the disruption and disorder in the banking system of a country that can spread from one bank to another and the reason for the spread is the existence of interbank market and bank processes for mobilization and allocation of resources do not act properly. In fact, risk is embedded in the nature of banking activities and it is practically impossible to eliminate risk from banking operations. Thus, the only solution is its management.
The purpose of risk management process is the reduction of possible harmful impacts of an activity through conscious action for prediction of unwanted events and planning for avoiding them.
Of course it should be noted that most risks are related together and all of them should be explored together and consistently so that appropriate actions can be done for risk control and baking crisis prevention.
The present study explores credit risk and the way for its management to prevent banking crisis and to develop a conceptual model of banking risk management during which, first, conceptual and operational definitions of each risk are presented and then the factors impacting credit risk are pointed out and some suggestions are made in line with the management and control of this risk.
The credit risk questionnaire was distributed among the employees, heads and deputies of branches and the credit staff and, after collection, it was analyzed using the software SPSS.
Keywords: Bank, crisis, risk, credit risk, risk management, prevention.

Genealogy and Conceptual Foundations of Emotional Intelligence (EI) and Social Intelligence (SI)
Wolfgang G. Scherl

Research in social intelligence has become not as important as the construct of emotional intelligence. Did research in psychology and social sciences displace the old construct of social intelligence by using a more in vogue construct? If social intelligence is entirely different from emotional intelligence will be discussed by relating to the foundation of research in intelligence, and in particular, by relating to cognitive performance and intrapersonal and interpersonal abilities. Thereby the construct of social intelligence reveals abilities related to social interaction and interpersonal skills and abilities, but is deficient to perceive all-embracing in-depth personal abilities. Emotional intelligence incorporates both intrapersonal and interpersonal abilities. This paper reveals the development of both social and emotional intelligence and further discloses construct-related overlaps, and at which particular point research on social intelligence stagnated and a broader construct of personal abilities, the construct of emotional intelligence, was born.
Keywords: Social Intelligence, Emotional Intelligence, Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Abilities.